World Water Day 2014: Water and Energy
Water and energy are closely interlinked and interdependent. Energy generation and transmission requires utilization of water resources, particularly for hydroelectric, nuclear, and thermal energy sources. Conversely, about 8% of the global energy generation is used for pumping, treating and transporting water to various consumers.
In 2014, the UN System - working closely with its Member States and other relevant stakeholders - is collectively bringing its attention to the water-energy nexus, particularly addressing inequities, especially for the "bottom billion" who live in slums and impoverished rural areas and survive without access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, sufficient food and energy services. It also aims to facilitate the development of policies and crosscutting frameworks that bridge ministries and sectors, leading the way to energy security and sustainable water use in a green economy. Particular attention will be paid to identifying best practices that can make a water- and energy-efficient "Green Industry" a reality.
Among the main objectives of the World Water Day in 2014 are raising awareness of the inter-linkages between water and energy, and demonstration, through case studies, to decision makers in the energy sector and the water domain, that integrated approaches and solutions to water-energy issues can achieve greater economic and social impacts.
Energoprojekt Hidroinzenjering, as the biggest hydro design, engineering and consulting company in the region, has contributed to the development of more than 55 hydropower plants and 70 dams all around the world.
Hydroelectricity is the largest renewable source for power generation and its share in total electricity generation is expected to remain around 16% through 2035.